1. 'Zhavoronok' (1964)


Nikita Kurijin, Leonid Menaker, Lenfilm, 1964

The action of the film takes place in June 1942. In a German training camp, anti-tank gun crews are trained using as targets captured Soviet T-34 tanks manned by Soviet POWs, who are then used as human targets. . Not wanting to die in vain, one of the tank crews (and a French Resistance fighter who joins them) decide to try and flee in their T-34...

The director of the film, Leonid Menaker, said that his plot was inspired by real events, which he had read in a newspaper: “One of the crews managed to start his T-34. Fleeing a tornado of projectiles, they spent two hours driving around in German territory until they reached a bridge, just as a group of schoolchildren crossed it. In order to escape, the tank crew had to run over the children. In the end, the tank did not move... The German soldiers who by then had reached the tank riddled it with bullets, the commander was captured and hanged in the evening of the same day... That's where I got the idea for the film ”.

2. 'The feat of Farjad' (1967)

'The feat of Farjad'

Albert Khachaturov, Uzbekfilm, 1967

Like Zhávoronok, the plot of this film also focuses on an escape from German captivity in a tank. This time, the escape attempt is carried out by Captain Farjad Abásov.

Farjad's feat is one of the few Soviet films about World War II whose protagonists are soldiers from the Soviet republics of Central Asia. The main role was played by the Uzbek actor Dzhavlon Jamraiev, while the rest of the cast was made up of Latvian and Estonian actors. The film was shot by Uzbek filmmakers in the Kaliningrad region.

3. 'The Chief Engineer' (1980)

'The chief engineer'

Vladimir Semakov, Verdlovsk Film Studio, 1980

In March 1940, two T-34 tanks camouflaged beyond recognition and accompanied by tractors, made a secret journey of 750 km from Kharkov to Moscow, where they were presented to the country's leaders. It was then that the momentous decision was made to start serial production of the famous T-34.

The film The Chief Engineer describes these events, with particular emphasis on the fate of the creator of the T-34, Mikhail Koshkin. The engineer did not live to see his idea become a reality during World War II. His participation in that trip to Moscow and the return to Kharkov by tank had a detrimental effect on his health. He died on September 26, 1940.

4. 'Korpus generala Shubnikova' (1981)

'Korpus gener, the Shubnikova'

Damir Viatich-Berezhnij, Mosfilm, 1981

In the winter of 1942, German troops prepare an offensive to liberate the 6th Army of Friedrich Paulus encircled in Stalingrad. Major General Nikolai Shubnikov's mechanized corps is tasked with thwarting the enemy's plans...

The film has some very vivid battle scenes, but it also suffers from several historical inaccuracies. It features T-34-85 tanks, which did not appear in the Red Army until 1944, post-war Ural trucks, as well as BTR-40 light armored personnel carriers, which were used to represent German vehicles, but in They were actually first made in the Soviet Union in the 1950s.

5. 'Ekipazh mashini boevoy' (1983)

'Ekipazh mashini boevói'

Vitali Vasilevsky, Odessa Film Studio, 1983

The film recounts the confrontation in the summer of 1943 between a T-34 tank commanded by Alexander Menshov and a German tank ace. This duel became a kind of precursor to one of the greatest tank battles in history - the Battle of Prokhorovka.

The plot of Ekipazh mashiny boevói (something like The Crew of the Fighting Vehicle) is based on the true story of a tank crewman Alexander Miliukov. In the Battle of Kursk, he destroyed a brand new German 'Panther' tank. Miliukov, who survived the war, wrote the screenplay for the film.

6. 'Klim Voroshilov-2 Tank' (1990)

'Klim Voroshilov-2 tank'

Igor Sheshukov, Gorky Film Studio, Zodiak Creative Association, with the participation of the Chelyabinsk HTTM Practical Center 1990

At the start of the German invasion of the Soviet Union, a motley group of random people, consisting of a shocked sergeant, a cadet, a street kid, and a physics teacher, stumble upon a KV-2 heavy tank abandoned by its crew. The four of them come up with the audacious and crazy idea of ​​going to war against the enemy aboard this tank.

Klim Voroshilov-2 tank became one of the last films to be made in the USSR. The project did not have a sufficient budget, so part of the film had to be shot in black and white. Getting a real KV-2 tank for the shoot proved impossible, so a redesigned Joseph Stalin tank had to be used instead.

7. 'White Tiger' (2012)

'White Tiger'

Karen Shakhnazarov, Mosfilm, Currier Film Studios, 2012

The action of the film takes place in the summer of 1943. The Soviet troops panic. A mysterious German heavy tank Pz. Heavy VI, nicknamed by soldiers “The White Tiger”, is destroying dozens of Soviet military equipment, while remaining invulnerable to enemy guns. The tank operator Ivan Naidionov, who miraculously survives an encounter with this ghost tank, decides to locate and destroy it. In this difficult mission, he will have the help of a "god of tanks", whose voice he hears...

White Tiger is a rather original war movie. It is more of a mystical thriller or a philosophical parable, the main idea of ​​which is that war is a monster that cannot be defeated. “Of course, I am against the war,” said the director, Karen Shakhnazarov. - But I'm interested to know: can we put an end to it somehow? We can do it? Or is it something inseparable from human nature?

8. 'KV1: Souls of Iron' (2018)

'KV1: Souls of Iron'

Konstantin Maximov, PimanovFilm, 2018

The plot of KV1: Souls of Iron is based on the true story of Semyon Konovalov. On July 13, 1942, in a battle near Rostov-on-Don, the crew of a KV-1 heavy tank, which the Germans called "ghost", under his command destroyed 16 tanks, two armored personnel carriers and eight vehicles with enemy service personnel.

The filmmakers tried to recreate that historical event as accurately as possible. They searched museums for restored Soviet T-34s and KV-1s, as well as German Pz. V German Panther. Filming took place near Mozhaisk in the Moscow region, where heavy fighting for the Soviet capital took place in 1941.

9. 'Т-34' (2018)


Alexei Sidorov, AMEDIA, Mars Media Entertainment, 2018

This spectacular and expensive military blockbuster is full of computer graphics and will please fans of the World of Tanks game. Its plot is in many ways similar to that of Zhavoronok: the crew of a Soviet tank that intends to be used as a living target for the Wehrmacht military escapes from a German training camp in a T-34. However, here the similarities between the two films end and the plot of T-34 begins to follow its own plot line.

Recalling his preparations for the film's lead role, Lieutenant Nikolai Ivushkin, actor Alexander Petrov said: “Before shooting T-34, I rented a small room for several weeks and covered its walls with photographs from the time of the war. war, showing men who fought in it, those who were in captivity or under occupation. Every day I got there, turned off the phone and spent several hours reading, thinking, looking at those faces, those eyes. That put me in the right frame of mind.” https://lenta.ru/articles/2019/01/04/vtanke/

10. 'Tanks' (2018)


Kim Druzhinin, 28 Panfilovtsev, 2018

The famous tank race from Kharkov to Moscow, shown in the Soviet film The Chief Designer, once again inspired filmmakers, this time in our century. This time, however, the original story was supplemented with a bunch of fictional details.

To increase the entertainment value, the creators of the film decided to add to the plot a group of German saboteurs and even a gang of White Guards hiding in the woods since the Civil War. Your task is to prevent Koshkin and his T-34 from reaching Moscow and thus prevent the Red Army from getting this powerful new tank.

READ MORE: When the protagonist is a tank: 5 movies in which the T-34 could have won the Oscar

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